Skills and competencies
analysis and write up of findings, preparing a thesis, structuring a manuscript, developing collaboration, compiling a progress plan towards completion

Duration and scheduling
Regular, protected time with facilitator/s

Mode of delivery
Virtual or in-person interactive on-demand guidance and support

Writing and analysis sessions (WAS) are designed to give students relevant skills, stimulate their thinking and build their confidence. WAS ensure that students have expert advice and quality support, along with opportunities to write, receive feedback and submit manuscripts and thesis chapters. In these protected time slots, the student analyses, talks through and writes up the evidence from the research data. One or more carefully selected facilitators are present and available (in-person or virtually) during these sessions to provide guidance in preparing the thesis and writing the manuscript – the student has only to ask for advice.


  • To improve understanding of data analysis
  • To clarify the writing up of the main points from the research findings
  • To build writing skills to make a progress plan for analysis and writing

Trainer/s or coordinator/s
Select and invite facilitators with extensive research experience as well as analytical and mentoring skills

For an in-person session
Prepare the physical venue
Ensure access to small break-out rooms for participants to work privately or with assigned facilitators

Elements of the WAS include:

  • One-one on support
  • Small-group interactions of students from related disciplines in breakaway rooms
  • Opportunities for the student to ask the facilitator for assistance in addressing challenges during the analysis stage

Principles of good data analysis and writing

  • Organization of data
  • Questions under the study
  • Data and model
  • Results of data analysis
  • Substantive conclusion

Considerations for analysis and writing

  • Relevance of data to research purpose
  • Essential points that emerge from the analysis of data
  • Capacity to identify trends, patterns and themes within the data
  • Various theoretical interpretations while writing
  • Balance between pros and cons of these different perspectives
  • Assertions supported with tightly argued reasoning and empirical backing
  • Audience/ reader of study findings

Details to be included in analysis and writing

  • Acknowledging the limitations of the study as well as the strengths

Developing collaboration

  • Identification and approaching the relevant facilitator to indicate where more support is needed
  • Networking and interactions with peers to discuss common concerns

By the end of a series of WAS, PhD students should be able to:

  1. Generate a sound analysis and report based on study objectives
  2. Develop a work plan and activities that will ensure improvement of analysis and writing for timely PhD completion
  3. Create practical approach to solve issues experienced during analysis and write-up
Expected Learning Outcomes Session contents
Research project presentations Critical reviews by peers and facilitators Managing and responding to critical reviews

Students may submit a work plan listing activities to ensure timely completion of their PhD.


You can download these guidance notes

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